Know what is Krishna Paksh – Shukl Paksh and their significance
According to the Hindu Almanac [Panchaang] a day is called a 'tithi', which can have duration of 19 to 24 hours. There are 30 'tithis' in a Lunar month, which are divided into two parts [Paksh].One part is the 'Shukl Paksh' which is 1-14 and after that is the full moon [Poornima], which means that including the full Moon [Poornima], there are 15 'tithis' .The second part, 'Krishna Paksh' is also 1-14 after which we have the Moonless Night [Amavasya], thereby making 15 tithis including 'Amavasya'.
Tithis are named as – Poornima [pooranmashi], Pratipada [padwa], Dwitiya [Dooj], Tritiya [Teej], Chaturthi[Chauth], Panchami [Panchami], Shasthi [Chhat], Saptami [Saatam], Ashthami [Aatham], Navmi [Naomi], Dashmi [Dasam], Ekadashi [Gyaras], Dvadashi [Baaras], Treyodashi [Teras], Chaturdashi [Choudas] and Amavasya [Amavas]
A month has 30 days during which the Moon waxes and wanes .Each period of waxing and waning is of 15 days [fortnight] or two weeks, also known as Shukla Paksh and Krishna Paksh in the Hindu calendar. Each week has 7 days.
शुक्ल पक्ष:- अमावस के अगले दिन से चंद्र की कलाएँ बढ़ती हैं अर्थात चंद्रमा का आकर धीरे धीरे बढ़ने लगता है अत: इसे शुक्ल पक्ष कहते है। चन्द्र बल मजबूत होने के कारण यह शुभ समय कहलाता है सामान्यता लोग शुक्ल पक्ष में ही शुभ कार्यों को करने को प्राथमिकता देते है।
Krishna Paksh :- From the next day of the full Moon night, the Moon starts to reduce in size and this phase of the Moon reducing in size signifies the Krishna Paksh. It is due to the decreased size of the Moon and subsequently reduced Moonlight, the nights are comparatively darker and appear ominous due to which starting any auspicious work is not preferred.